There are two fundamental truths about footwork:
1) People love to debate footwork.
Hop or 1-2 step?
Permanent pivot foot, or inside foot pivot?
And while I believe they are worthwhile conversations to have, I think we get too hung up on the answers…
The game isn’t black and white, right and wrong. The game is made up of grey areas.
And while certain situations may call for an “optimal” footwork, we need to remember that the game calls for variable solutions. And we need to remember the ultimate goals coming out of the footwork and focus on that.
Oh, and the second truth? Players often find it difficult or tedious to build good footwork habits.
HOP VS 1-2 STEP
We can debate the benefits of each all day. Some people say the Hop is faster to get into the shot, some say the 1-2 step is more natural.
Regardless of the footwork used, I want to make sure of two things…
- The feet get set before or on the catch/pick up.
- I know what the player is most comfortable with.
Remember, this is not a judged sport. We don’t get extra points for doing things a certain way.
And also remember that just because something is comfortable and natural for YOU doesn’t mean that it will be comfortable and natural for another person.
I always try to ask players what they are most comfortable with for footwork. If they have time (an open shot), I don’t care what footwork they use. I want the ball to go in the basket. And if them using a certain footwork increases the likelihood of that shot going in, and they can get it off in the time they have, I’m all for it.
But at the same time, the player should know what is the most efficient footwork in different situations and make sure players have a base level of comfort with those.
Want to learn more efficient footwork? Looking for guidance and drills? I can help with that.
WHAT SHOULD WE BE FOCUSING ON?
If both feet end up planted on the catch or pick up, my biggest concern isn’t how we got there. My biggest concern is what happens next.
Sometimes we get so focused on the lead up to the shot that we ignore WHAT WE REALLY NEED TO ACCOMPLISH.
My biggest goals with foot position and footwork are:
- for the player to become as balanced and stable as quickly as possible.
- for the player to be in a position to push as evenly with both of their legs as possible.
If we remember the ideas of positive and negative energy (where positive energy is energy straight up, down and in line with the hoop and negative energy is any leaning or fading), our first goal is to stop as much negative energy as possible, and then create as much positive energy as possible as the player shoots.
Do you find yourself leaning or fading on many of your shots? Need help with generating more positive energy? Click here to learn how
WHAT ARE THE KEY TEACHING POINTS?
There are two main things I focus on in these situations
- Does the player get their feet wide enough and their body posture athletic enough to stop a lot of negative energy when they cut hard?
- Is the player pushing evenly with both legs and able to land on two feet as much as possible?
Most coaches talk about feet being “shoulder width” apart when a player shoots, but we need to define this more precisely. I make a slight change and talk about “hip width” apart (basically the same width) only because hips are easier for players to see than their shoulders.
Then, we need to be clear about what part of the foot needs to be hip width apart. There is a HUGE difference in stability when the insides of a players foot is the width of their hips, versus the outsides of the feet being the width of their hips.
I always try to get players to be able to fit their hips inside their shoes without touching the shoes if they sat down. Having the outsides of a players feet being hip width apart just won’t be stable enough when they start creating the amounts of energy that are created in games.
Once the negative energy of the cut is stopped, the goal becomes to create as much positive energy as possible in the shooting motion.
Players do this by pushing evenly with both legs and we can get a good indicator of whether a player does this well by watching their feet at the end of the shot.
If they land on one foot before the other, or they land with more weight on one foot, chances are they didn’t push evenly with their legs.
Feet facing the sidelines after you shoot? Need some drills on how to push off more evenly with both legs? Click here to start building better balance habits
Once we know the goals for our legs, we can focus on the footwork.
My goal with the footwork leading up to a shot is to be efficient and to give options. Therefore, there is rarely ONE set of footwork that I apply ALL the time, even in just one situation.
If a player is open for a perimeter catch and shoot, I don’t believe there is a “right” way to set your feet. Whether the player hops or takes a 1-2 step isn’t my concern as long as their feet are set on the catch and they can push evenly with their legs.
On a curl cut off a pin down, I might prefer that a player forward pivot on the inside foot, rather than hopping and stopping all momentum before making their read. Converse to this, when a player is in the corner, I might prefer a hop because often a player using a 1-2 step will step out of bounds on what would have been a wide open three.
But these answers are rarely cut and dry, so I avoid cut and dry rules. Instead, I focus more on the outcome I want to create. Stability.
Do you think your footwork is leading to you missing shots? Click now to start getting more stable.
Prepare for variety
Even if you believe there is ONE correct formwork in a certain situation, make sure you get players some reps in a variety of different footwork.
We do this for two reasons. First, the game is dynamic. Even if we want to do things a certain way, sometimes the defender is going to win the battle. And even in those situations we need to have some experience.
Secondly, players are going to go on to play for other coaches that might have other expectations. So while one part of our job is to get results and have success now, the other part is to DEVELOP players to compete at the next level.
It will never hurt a player to have more tools in their tool belt.
How do I build habits in the feet?
How a players uses their feet is literally the foundation of their shot. If they can’t use them well, everything else becomes harder.
That is why I put together my SHOT DEVELOPMENT SYSTEM “Consistency and Balance”.
In this system, I clearly identify the physical habits that lead to great, simple, balanced shooting mechanics. Then through a series of over 60 short videos I clearly explain all the drills, tips, and progressions I want players doing to develop those habits.
No guess work. I’ll show you exactly what I do with my NBA Clients. All the drills are in order, fully explained, in video form!